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There are some critics of the test, but others said it convinced them

  • Researchers claim to have found four new personality types.
  • These new personality types are average, role model, self-centered, and reserved.
  • Scientists also believe that a person's personality type can change over time.
  • Scientists have determined that there are actually four new personality types and everyone fits into one.

Though personality tests have notoriously made experts skeptical, a new study has many experts convinced. After researchers from Northeastern University examined data from online survey responses, they concluded that there is evidence for at least four distinct personality types that you've never heard of before.

Here's the breakdown.

Scientists used responses from 1.5 million online surveys to get their data.

These online questionnaires were developed by the scientific research community over decades. According to a press release by Northwestern University, the results were analyzed using an alternative computational technique that used machine learning to sift through the results.

"The thing that is really, really cool is that a study with a dataset this large would not have been possible before the web," study lead and professor of chemical and biological engineering Luís Amaral told the Daily Mail.

The four new personality types are based on five personality traits.

The study used existing traits in their questionnaires.Nicknamed the "Big Five," these traits are openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

Researchers scored each respondent on how strongly each of these traits presented in an individual's responses to the questionnaires. Their score was then translated to their personality type.

The study defined openness as having an appreciation for emotion, adventure, and creative thinking. People who score high in openness generally have more intellectual curiosity and can be unpredictable, occasionally engaging in risky behavior such as drug use.

Individuals who scored strongly in conscientiousness are more likely to be organized and dependable. They are self-disciplined and prefer to plan rather than be spontaneous. The study suggests they can also be obsessive and stubborn.

Extroversion was classified as the tendency to seek the company of others. Extroverted people were found to be energetic, assertive, and generally positive. Researchers also associated attention-seeking and domineering behavior with extroversion.

People scoring high in neuroticism were found to be quick to anger or become stressed. Researchers also linked high levels of neuroticism with the tendency to become anxious or depressed easily. Respondents who scored strongly in this trait were found to have worse psychological well-being.

The quality of agreeableness is classified as being compassionate and cooperative rather than antagonistic towards others. The study found that people with very high levels of agreeableness can sometimes be perceived as submissive or innocent, while those with low levels can be seen as competitive or unfriendly.

The four new personality types are average, reserved, role model, and self-centered.

They believe they've found four new personality types. Comedy Central Sifting through their data set using a machine learning algorithm, the scientists' determined that there were a few personality patterns that kept recurring.

Researchers called these "personality clusters" and the study suggests that every respondent fits into one of the four.

So-called "average" people are high in neuroticism and extraversion while scoring low in openness. The study found that women are more likely than men to fall into the Average type.

"I would expect that the typical person would be in this cluster," said Martin Gerlach in a press release. Gerlach is a postdoctoral fellow in Amaral's lab and the paper's first author.

The name of this personality type is actually misleading - it turns out that "average" people actually score slightly above average in agreeableness and conscientiousness while scoring lower in the other traits.

"Being middle-of-the-road is actually kind of positive for most things," Amaral told Science Magazine.

A person who is the "reserved" type is emotionally stable, but not open or neurotic. People with this type are not exceptionally extroverted but are somewhat agreeable and conscientious.

People who qualify as "role models" have low scores in neuroticism and high in all the other traits. The likelihood that someone is a role model increases sharply with age. The research found that women are more likely to be role models than men.

"These are people who are dependable and open to new ideas," Amaral said. "These are good people to be in charge of things. In fact, life is easier if you have more dealings with role models."

"Self-centered" people score very high in extroversion and below average in openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. The study also noted that there is a significant decrease in the number of self-centered types as men and women age.

"These are people you don't want to hang out with," the study's co-author William Revelle stated in the press release.

To verify the study's results, the researchers tested their methods on teenage boys.

The study compared the data from teenage boys to the rest of their data. REUTERS/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah The study's authors knew that testing their methods was important for verifying their accuracy. To do this, they compared data from teenage boys to the rest of the data set.

"We know teen boys behave in self-centered ways," Amaral stated in a press release. "If the data were correct and sifted for demographics, they would they turn out to be the biggest cluster of people."

Sure enough, teen boys were found to be over-represented in the "self-centered" group. The researchers also found that the number of females under 15 in this group was very small.

People can change personality types over time.

This new research also suggests that your personality type isn't set in stone. For example, older people were shown to be less neurotic yet more conscientious and agreeable than respondents under 20 years old.

"When we look at large groups of people, it's clear there are trends, that some people may be changing some of these characteristics over time," Amaral said. "This could be a subject of future research."

The researchers also hope to increase the demographic diversity of their data by using surveys administered in different languages and settings to see if their results can be applied cross-culturally.

There are some critics of the test, but others said it convinced them

"To have one of their clusters called average is weak," Alexander Swan, a psychologist at Eureka College in Illinois, . Though, he said, he liked that they used "self-centered" as a category.

Northwestern psychologist William Revelle, who is a noted skeptic of personality tests, told the Washington Post that he dismissed the tests at first, but ultimately with more research, it convinced him.






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Date: 13.12.2018, 02:31 / Views: 51561