Learn How To Conjugate Korean Verbs [THE BASIC]



How to Use Verbs in Korean

In every language verbs are essential to make up a sentence. In Korean, like any language, once you get your head around how they work, they won't be so hard anymore! You should learn how to read Korean before using this article.

Steps

  1. The verb we are going to deal with first is 가다 (gada) which means to go.This is the basic form of the verb to be able to use it in a sentence we need to conjugate it.
  2. To conjugate 가다, you need to take away 다.So now you are left with the stem, 가. Now we conjugate by adding the appropriate endings depending on the person you're talking to or about, and the tense (Past, Present and Future).
  3. In Korean as well as the tenses there are three different styles of speech (Formal, Standard and Intimate).All three are needed so we'll get learning them right off the bat.
  4. First we will look at the standard style of speech in the present tense.The first and most basic ending we need is 요 (yo). In Korean verbs don't change for the person (I, You, He, She, It, We, You (plural) and They). So when we add on 요 onto the end of 가, we get 가요, which means I go, you go, she goes, etc.
  5. We will stick with the standard style of speech for now, so we will look at the past tense.Now we need another ending, ᄊ어요. So, if we add that onto our stem, 가 we get 갔어요. This means, I went, You Went, She went, etc.
  6. Now we will look at the future tense in the standard style of speech.Again, our stem is 가 so we need a new ending, ᆯ거예요. So if we add that ending onto our stem we get 갈 거예요. Which means, I will go, You will go, etc.
  7. Here is a chart which covers all of the conjugations:
  8. 가다 - To Go
Verb Stem -가 Formal Standard Intimate
Present 갑니다 갔습니다 갈 겁니다
Past 갔습니다 갔어요 갔어
Future 갈 겁니다 갈게요 갈게

Community Q&A

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  • Question
    Can you show me the verb stem 아프다 into formal, standard, and intimate format?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    아프다 is an irregular, so the form in intimate and standard differ from the dictionary and formal forms. 아파 = Intimate form 아파요 = Polite/Standard form 아픕니다 =Formal form
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What app can I use to help me learn to use verbs in Korean?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    There aren't too many good apps for Korean verbs, but something that I really recommend is hangulsoup.com's verb conjugator. You can essentially type in any dictionary form verb or adjective, add criteria about its use in the sentence, and get its conjugation. There is also a chart you can access that has all possible conjugations for that word. Although I wouldn't personally recommend using it to first learn how to conjugate verbs, it makes a great reference guide for figuring out how to use verbs.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What is "sister" in Korean?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    If you are a a girl, older sister is "noo na" and younger sister is " yeo dong saeng." If you are a boy, older sister is "eon ni" and younger sister is "yeo dong saeng."
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • What's the difference between general, conditional, and infinitive verbs? How are they used?
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More Verbs

  • 먹다 - To Eat
Verb Stem - 먹 Formal Standard Intimate
Present 먹습니다 먹어요 먹어
Past 먹었습니다 먹었어요 먹었어
Future 먹을 겁니다 먹을게요 먹을게


  • 하다 - To do
Verb Stem - 하 Formal Standard Intimate
Present 합니다 해요
Past 했습니다 했어요 했어
Future 할 겁니다 할게요 할게



하다 is a very important verb because you can add it onto the end of some words to turn them into a verb. E.g, 공부 means study, so if you add 하다 onto the end of that, you get 공부하다 which means to study. These verbs conjugate in exactly the same way as 하다.









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Date: 07.01.2019, 05:23 / Views: 41555